Tag Archives: modulus

How to prove that |z_1|*|z_2|=|z_1*z_2|, Complex Numbers

In this post I’ll be showing you how to prove that:

\left| { z }_{ 1 } \right| \left| { z }_{ 2 } \right| =\left| { z }_{ 1 }{ z }_{ 2 } \right|

Firstly, let’s say that:

{ z }_{ 1 }=x+iy

{ z }_{ 2 }=p+iq

If this is the case, then according to the rules of complex numbers:

\left| { z }_{ 1 } \right| =\sqrt { { x }^{ 2 }+{ y }^{ 2 } }

\left| { z }_{ 2 } \right| =\sqrt { { p }^{ 2 }+{ q }^{ 2 } }

Secondly, let’s determine what { z }_{ 1 }{ z }_{ 2 } is…

{ z }_{ 1 }{ z }_{ 2 }\\ \\ =\left( x+iy \right) \left( p+iq \right) \\ \\ =px+iqx+ipy+{ i }^{ 2 }qy\\ \\ =px+iqx+ipy-qy\\ \\ =\left( px-qy \right) +i\left( qx+py \right)

As you can see, we get the result above – which is another complex number.

This means that:

RHS\\ \\ =\left| { z }_{ 1 }{ z }_{ 2 } \right| \\ \\ =\sqrt { { \left( px-qy \right) }^{ 2 }+{ \left( qx+py \right) }^{ 2 } } \\ \\ =\sqrt { \left( px-qy \right) \left( px-qy \right) +\left( qx+py \right) \left( qx+py \right) } \\ \\ =\sqrt { { p }^{ 2 }{ x }^{ 2 }-2pqxy+{ q }^{ 2 }{ y }^{ 2 }+{ q }^{ 2 }{ x }^{ 2 }+2pqxy+{ p }^{ 2 }{ y }^{ 2 } } \\ \\ =\sqrt { { p }^{ 2 }{ x }^{ 2 }+{ q }^{ 2 }{ y }^{ 2 }+{ q }^{ 2 }{ x }^{ 2 }+{ p }^{ 2 }{ y }^{ 2 } } \\ \\ =\sqrt { { p }^{ 2 }{ x }^{ 2 }+{ q }^{ 2 }{ x }^{ 2 }+{ p }^{ 2 }{ y }^{ 2 }+{ q }^{ 2 }{ y }^{ 2 } } \\ \\ =\sqrt { \left( { x }^{ 2 }+{ y }^{ 2 } \right) \left( { p }^{ 2 }+{ q }^{ 2 } \right) } \\ \\ =\sqrt { { x }^{ 2 }+{ y }^{ 2 } } \cdot \sqrt { { p }^{ 2 }+{ q }^{ 2 } } \\ \\ =\left| { z }_{ 1 } \right| { \left| { z }_{ 2 } \right| }\\ \\ =LHS

Therefore we’ve proven that:

\left| { z }_{ 1 } \right| \left| { z }_{ 2 } \right| =\left| { z }_{ 1 }{ z }_{ 2 } \right|

You can watch a video related to this proof below…