Freethinkers, scientists and influential individuals

On this page you will find freethinkers, scientists and individuals that have inspired us to produce a lot of the work on this website. You may find some of the personalities in the list (below) quite controversial (i.e the likes of Nigel Farage and Voltaire), however, we felt it was necessary to include them as they’ve defended values such as free speech – which we find incredibly important and fundamental to democracy and science. They’ve also shown the courage to challenge established views –  and you could argue, they even put their lives on the line for the advancement of society.

A [12 in total]

B [10 in total]

  • Baruch Spinoza (Dutch philosopher of Sephardi/Portuguese origin)
  • Ben Goertzel (Futurist and scientist)
  • Benoit Mandelbrot (French and American mathematician. Fractalist)
  • Benjamin Franklin (Polymath and one of the founding fathers of the United States)
  • Bertrand Russell (British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist and Nobel laureate)
  • Bill Gates (co-founder of Microsoft)
  • Blaise Pascal (French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic theologian)
  • Boris Johnson (British politician, popular historian and journalist)
  • Brian Greene (American theoretical physicist, mathematician and string theorist)
  • Buckminster Fuller (American architect, systems theorist, author, designer and inventor)

C [7 in total]

  • Carl Friedrich Gauss (German mathematician)
  • Carl Jung (Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology)
  • Carl Sagan (American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author and science populariser)
  • Charles Darwin (English naturalist, geologist and biologist)
  • Christopher Hitchens (English author, columnist, essayist, orator, religious and literary critic, social critic and journalist)
  • Christopher Wren (Highly acclaimed English architect)
  • Claude Shannon (American mathematician, electrical engineer and cryptographer; father of information theory)

D [9 in total]

  • Daniel Dennett (American philosopher, writer and cognitive scientist)
  • David Chalmers (Australian philosopher and cognitive scientist)
  • David Deutsch (Israeli born British physicist at the University of Oxford)
  • David Hilbert (German mathematician)
  • David Hume (Scottish philosopher, historian, economist and essayist)
  • David Mitchell (British comedian, actor and writer)
  • Democritus (Ancient Greek pre-Socratic philosopher)
  • Douglas Adams (English author, scriptwriter, essayist, humorist, satirist and dramatist)
  • Douglas Murray (British author, journalist and political commentator)

E [3 in total]

  • Edward Witten (American theoretical physicist and professor of mathematical physics at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey)
  • Elon Musk (South African born Canadian-American business magnate, investor, engineer and inventor)
  • Euclid of Alexandria (Greek mathematician)

F [ 3 in total]

  • Fay Dowker (British professor of theoretical physics at Imperial College London)
  • Fotini Markopoulou-Kalamara (Greek theoretical physicist interested in foundational mathematics and quantum mechanics)
  • Francis Bacon (English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator and author)

G [8 in total]

H [3 in total]

I [2 in total]

  • Immanuel Kant (German philosopher)
  • Isaac Newton (English mathematician, astronomer and physicist. Key figure in the scientific revolution.)

J [11 in total]

K [4 in total]

  • Karl H. Pribram (Professor of psychology and psychiatry at Stanford University)
  • Karl Popper (Austrian-British philosopher and professor)
  • Kip Thorne (American theoretical physicist)
  • Kurt Gödel (Austrian-American logician, mathematician and philosopher)

L [9 in total]

M [13 in total]

N [6 in total]

P [7 in total]

R [13 in total]

  • Raphael Bousso (Theoretical physicist and string theorist)
  • Ray Kurzweil (American author, computer scientist, inventor and futurist)
  • Rene Descartes (French philosopher, mathematician and scientist)
  • Richard Dawkins (English ethologist, evolutionary biologist and author)
  • Richard Feynman (American theoretical physicist)
  • Robert Anton Wilson (American author, novelist, essayist, editor, playwright, poet, futurist and agnostic mystic)
  • Robert Boyle (Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist and inventor)
  • Robert Hooke (English natural philosopher, architect and polymath)
  • Robert Moray (Scottish soldier, statesman, diplomat, judge, spy, Freemason and natural philosopher)
  • Robert Peston (British journalist and presenter)
  • Roger Penrose (English mathematical physicist, mathematician and philosopher of science)
  • Rowan Atkinson (English actor, comedian and screenwriter)
  • Roy Kerr (New Zealand mathematician)

S [10 in total]

  • Sabine Hossenfelder (Theoretical physicist)
  • Sam Harris (American author, philosopher and neuroscientist)
  • Sean M. Carroll (Cosmologist and physics professor specialising in dark energy and special relativity)
  • Seth Lloyd (Professor of mechanical engineering and physics at MIT)
  • Socrates (Classical Greek philosopher; one of the founders of Western philosophy)
  • Stephen Fry (English comedian, actor, writer, presenter and activist)
  • Stephen Hawking (English theoretical physicist and cosmologist)
  • Steve Jobs (American entrepreneur, businessman, inventor and industrial designer)
  • Steven Pinker (Canadian-born American cognitive scientist, psychologist, linguist and popular science author)
  • Sylvester James Gates (American theoretical physicist, known for his work related to supersymmetry, supergravity and superstring theory)

T [3 in total]

  • Thomas Jefferson (American founding father)
  • Thomas Paine (English-American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. One of the founding fathers of the United States.)
  • Timothy Leary (American psychologist and writer)

V [2 in total]

  • Vlatko Vedral (Serbian born physicist and professor of physics at the University of Oxford)
  • Voltaire (French enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher)

W [5 in total]

*140 in total, page last updated: 26/06/2017 @ 15:18 hrs

GCSE + A Level Mathematics Proofs, Videos and Tutorials.